Monday, August 3, 2009

Dental cavity- Stages

Dear Readers,

Caries formation may take different periods of time.

The caries process can develop in two ways - acute and chronic.

Acute caries is mostly seen in children because the dental structures are weak, but can also be seen in adults.
Acute caries very quickly destroys the enamel and penetrate very quickly into the inside of the tooth and cause irritation of the pulp of the tooth. 

I have seen an acute caries in people who consume too much sugar. I had a patient who drank sweet drinks in large quantities every day and had poor oral hygiene.

The tooth structures become very soft and this leads to complications from the tooth nerve - called pulp, as well as to the complete destruction of the tooth.

More frequent caries are chronic. They develop several months to years. Then the pulp has plenty of time to defend itself. Regular visits to dentists can help avoid caries complications.

How does the caries process begin?

Caries begin to develop in the layers of the tooth. At this stage, the outer layer of tooth enamel begins to lose calcium and phosphorus. This process is called DEMINERALIZATION.

This first stage is called stage of INCIPIENT LESIONS.

The clinical manifestation of this process is the appearance of a white spot or spots in the affected areas.

The good thing is that the demineralisation of the teeth is reversible. When Calcium and Phosphorus are re-deposited in these areas, there is a reverse process called REININERALIZATION.

The use of Calcium, Phosphorus and Fluoride helps the tooth recover. If left untreated, decay continues in the second stage of the carious process.

It is called CAVITATION - it means that the enamel cracks and a cavity or a hole is formed.
The edges of the cavity become yellow or brown coloured. This stage is irreversible. The tooth or teeth need to be treated by a dentist.

As I said in my previous post - Dental caries Causes
tooth enamel is a solid barrier and stops the carious agents.

An important thing to know is that once the carious agents overcome this barrier and enter the inner layer of the tooth called dentine, they are advancing very quickly and destroying the tooth from within. The reason for this is the weakness of the dentine.

As I always like to say, good oral hygiene is the key to healthy teeth and gums, as well as to the health of the surrounding tissues and mouth, of course, as well as the good general health. 

Why Perfect Oral Hygiene Is So Important

Sincerely yours,
Dr.Trenkova, DDM

1 comment:

  1. I always recommend dentist near me and his friendly staff to all my friends and family who are looking for a dentist. He is outstanding. He recently replaced two very old fillings for me.


Oral Health and Well-Being

Dear Readers, I created this dental blog in 2009 to be helpful with many dental issues that may concern you. Those of you who have read...